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# pfa WEEK 2 TASKS 1) Initial Postings: Read and reflect on the assigned readings for the week. Then post

pfa

1)

Initial Postings:
Read and reflect on the assigned readings for the week. Then post what you thought was the most important concept(s), method(s), term(s), and/or any other thing that you felt was worthy of your understanding in each assigned textbook chapter.Your initial post should be based upon the assigned reading for the week, so the textbook should be a source listed in your reference section and cited within the body of the text. Other sources are not required but feel free to use them if they aid in your discussion.

Also, provide a graduate-level response to each of the following questions:

a. Describe an investment decision you or your company has made. Compute the opportunity costs and benefits of the decision. Did your company make the right decision? If not, what would you do differently? Compute the NPV of the investment.

[Your post must be substantive and demonstrate insight gained from the course material.
Postings must be in the student’s own words – do not provide quotes!]

[Your initial post should be at least
450+ words and in APA format (including Times New Roman with font size 12 and double spaced). Post the actual body of your paper in the discussion thread then attach a Word version of the paper for APA review]

2)

1. You own a plant that produces 10,000 copiers per year. Your fixed costs are \$50,000 per year. The marginal cost per copier is a constant \$5. What is your break-even price? What would be your break-even price if you were to sell 70% more copiers?

2. Suppose you make an initial investment of \$70,000 that will return \$20,000/year for four years (assume the \$20,000 is received each year at the end of the year). Is this a profitable investment if the discount rate is 15%?

3. A US company has revenue of \$5.5 million and total costs of \$7.5 million, which are or can be broken down into total fixed cost of \$3 million and total variable cost of \$4.5 million. The net loss on the firm’s income statement is reported as \$2,000,000 (ignoring tax implications). In prior periods, the firm had reported profits on its operations.

a. What decision should the firm make regarding operations over the short term?

b. What decision should the firm make regarding operations over the long term?

c. Assume the same business scenario except that revenue is now \$5.0 million, and total costs of \$7.5 million, which are or can be broken down into total fixed cost of \$3 million and total variable cost of \$4.5 million, which creates a net loss of \$2.5 million. What decision should the firm make regarding operations in this case?

4. A copy company wants to expand production. It currently has 20 workers who share eight copiers. Two months ago, the firm added two copiers, and output increased by 100,000 pages per day. One month ago, they added five workers, and productivity also increased by 50,000 pages per day. Copiers cost about twice as much as workers. Would you recommend they hire another employee or buy another copier?

5.  A copy company wants to expand production. It currently has 20 workers who share eight copiers. Two months ago, the firm added two copiers, and output increased by 100,000 pages per day. One month ago, they added five workers, and productivity also increased by 50,000 pages per day. Copiers cost about twice as much as workers. Would you recommend they hire another employee or buy another copier?

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