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Week 6 Case Study: Macroeconomic Analysis: Unemployment and Inflation


Week 6 Case Study: Macroeconomic Analysis: Unemployment and Inflation


Overview

A high unemployment rate in any economy is a symptom of dysfunctionality in the economy. People need income to be able to consume, and consumption leads to production and production leads to a higher demand for labor (employment), so unemployment is a crucial macroeconomic issue that confronts all modern economies. A lower unemployment rate, however, is not the end of the problem. The type of employment and the price of labor (wages) must be sufficient in order for consumption (which is the major component of GDP) in the economy to be healthy. If wages are low or if the prices in the economy are high, consumption would be low and thus, production and demand for labor would be low, too. High unemployment rate, high part-time employment rate for economic reasons, low wages, and high inflation could have negative effects on economic growth.


Assignment Description

In this assignment, you need to identify only two specific issues related to unemployment. You will study their past trends, provide an overview of their current status, and provide solutions to overcome them. You will use data, articles, experts’ opinions, and government reports to draw a clear picture of the current unemployment issues.

Some areas you might consider are the following (based on gender, education, race, age):

· Unemployment rates for women

· Unemployment rates for men

· Unemployment rates among African Americans

· Unemployment rates among Hispanics

· Unemployment rates among Whites

· Unemployment rates among Asians

· Unemployment rates among young college graduates

· Unemployment rate among workers with high school diploma

· Unemployment rate among workers with less than a high school diploma

Your research needs to be structured with consistent and clear thoughts. It also needs to be supported by actual data. Your results need to be based on solid facts. Your conclusion and recommended solution need to be thorough and based on your findings and understanding of macroeconomic challenges and macroeconomic policies.


Writing Style (APA) and Page Number Requirements

Document Type: Word

Font Type: Times New Roman or Arial

Font Size: 12

Spacing: Double

Number of Pages: Three to five pages, not counting the separate Title page and the separate References page


Structure and Requirements

·
Title Page

· Title of the paper

· Name of the author

· E-mail address of the author

· Class name

· Professor’s name

· Date


There are 5 sections to this case study (Introduction, Data, Analysis, Reflection, Solution). You must have 5 section/headers in your paper since each section has its own marks/points (see Case Study Rubric document).

·
Introduction

Your introduction needs to include the following.

· Include a clear definition of unemployment and inflation and how and why they occur and rise in the economy.

· Briefly provide your understanding of the relationship between GDP growth and/or decline, high/low unemployment, and high/low inflation rates.

· Include a brief description of the two unemployment-related issues that you are going to address in this paper and their importance. Basically, why do you think they are important to research and resolve?

·
Data

Obtain data from at least 3 credible sources (not Wikipidia). Use tables, graphs, and figures to support your argument. You can find the latest unemployment and inflation data at www.bls.gov (Bureau of Labor Statistics).

It is important to obtain your unemployment data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) website. Follow the “
Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section” provided on this assignment page.

You need 5 data pieces in the data section (3 General data pieces: GDP Growth Rate, Unemployment Rate, Inflation Rate. Variable data pieces: 2 specific unemployment rates based on your variable (gender, race, education, etc.). All pieces of data need the same 10-year period you have chosen.

Data (graphs or tables) that have to be provided in this section:

·
GDP: Graph that represents a ten (10) year period of GDP growth rate (percentage). This information is already available on the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) website. Review the

Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section
document for instructions.

·
Inflation: Graph that represents a ten (10) year period of inflation rate (percentage). This information is already available on the Macrotrends website. Review the

Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section
document for instructions.

·
Unemployment: Data that represents a ten (10) year period of unemployment rate (percentage), which could be obtained from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) website. Review the

Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section
document for instructions.

·
Two Issues: Data that represents a ten (10) year period about the two issues you are going to address. Provide one separate data set (graph or table) for each of the two issues, which could be obtained from the BLS website. Review the

Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section
document for instructions.

·
Analysis

This section needs to contain the following discussions based on the data that was gathered and your understanding of unemployment, inflation, and GDP.

·
Unemployment and Inflation: Discuss the trends of unemployment and inflation rates over the past 10 years and provide your objective analysis of the changes in unemployment and inflation rates and the current rates. Place extra emphasis on the periods where unemployment or inflation was either too high or too low. Also state the effect of the high and low rates on GDP.

·
Two Issues: Discuss the two unemployment-related issues you selected. Provide an overview of their trends and use facts to highlight the major changes in their trends and their current statuses. State the reason(s) why you believe these two issues represent a challenge for the economy.

·
Reflection and Critical Thinking

Connect all the dots together by relating your above analysis to other areas in the macroeconomy. Basically, you will link changes in overall unemployment, the two unemployment related issues you selected, inflation, and GDP to one another and how they impacted each other during periods of economic decline (recessions) and periods of economic growth (expansion).

·
Solution

· State which macroeconomic policy (monetary policy or fiscal policy) might resolve the issues you highlighted above, and state how this policy could be implemented and why it would solve these problems.

· Finally, provide your own solution. Basically, answer the following question.

What would you do to solve the macroeconomic issues you addressed if you were in charge of the U.S. economy? State why.

·
Reference List

Use at least three professional sources to support your argument. The references need to be in APA format.

To learn more about APA format, click (and hold your CTRL key) on the link below or copy/paste the link into your browser address bar.


APA Resources:

Week 6 Guide to Obtaining Graphs for Data section

You need 5 data pieces in the data section:

1.

GDP:
a graph or a table that represents your 10-year period of GDP growth rate (percentage). To obtain GDP information, go to
www.bea.gov then follow the steps below:

1. Click on “

Tools”
, found on the top left side, and select “Interactive Data”

1. Click on “

Gross Domestic Product Personal Income
” found on the left side

1. Click on “

Interactive Data Tables
” bottom found in the top middle

1. Click on “

SECTION 1 – DOMESTIC PRODUCT AND INCOME
” and select the first option “

Table 1.1.1. Percent Change From Preceding Period in Real Gross Domestic Product

1. Click on “

Modify
” button found on the top left side, change the
First Year field to your desired start year, and change the
Series to “
Annual” and click on “
Refresh Table

You only need the information in the first line for each year (Line 1), which is the Gross Domestic Product as shown below. Copy and paste the data from Line 1 or screenshot the page (just like the image below) and paste it in your paper.

1.

Inflation:
a graph or a table that represents your 10-year period of inflation rate (percentage). To obtain Inflation graph, copy and paste the following link you’re your web browser

then follow the steps below:

4. Scroll all the way down and change the “

From
” field, which is located on top of the graph, to the beginning of the 10 year period you wish to search and then change the “

To
” field to the end of the end of the 10 year period

4. Click on “

Save as Image
” button that is located on the top right side of the graph. This action will download an image of the inflation rate graph

4. Open the image and place the curser anywhere on the graph and right click your mouse, then click on “

copy
”, then past the image in your paper

1.

Unemployment:
a graph or a table that represents your 10-year period of the overall unemployment rate (percentage) in the country.

See the “

Guide to using the BLS website Data
” below to obtain this data.

1.

Two Unemployment Issues
: data/graphs that represents your 10-year period about the two unemployment related issues that you have selected and will discuss in this paper. Provide one separate data set (graph or table) for each of the two issues.

See the “

Guide to using the BLS website Data
” below to obtain this data.


Guide to using the BLS website Data: for Unemployment Variables

1.
Go to this link:

1.
Pick the variables you want. You can select more than one variable. For example, see screen shot below:

1.
Click on “Retrieve Data” on the bottom left hand side as shown below:

1. You can then manipulate the data by changing output options,
enter your ten-year period, such as “2006 to 2015” and then check the boxes “
include graphs” and “
include annual average”. Then, click on “
GO

Your data will default to show the annual change based on a month, for example, series Id shown here is Unemployment Rate 16 years and over. The data is yearly from January 2006 up to January 2015, which will suffice for the case study.

Lastly, you may see that an accompanying table is provided for each graph of each variable, i.e., the table of the above graph is shown below the graph.

1.
To copy and paste the graph in your paper, right click on the graph, then select “copy”, then past it in your paper.

IMPORTANT: make sure you cite the source of the graph (and any other graph and/or table you use) below the graph/table using APA citation style.

1. Now,
you can use the data for the variables. Happy Hunting!

Revised 02/09/2023

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